Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Facial Bruise Anatomy

To better understand facial contusion, it helps to understand the anatomy of the face.

The bones of the face include:

  • Frontal bone:
    • Forehead
  • Mandible:
Lower jaw
  • Maxilla:
    • Inner cheek bones
  • Nasal bones
  • Zygoma:
    • Outer cheek bones

Anatomy of the face includes:
  • Bones of the face and skull
  • Muscles of the face
  • Arteries and nerves of the face
  • The orbit
  • The nasal bones
  • The jaw
  • Temporal artery and parotid gland
  • Salivary glands
  • Trigeminal nerve

Last Updated: Nov 3, 2008 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Facial Bruise References
  1. Beiner JM, Jokl P. Muscle contusion injuries: current treatment options. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2001 Jul-Aug;9(4):227-37. [11476532]
  2. Berg E. Deep muscle contusion complicated by myositis ossificans (a.k.a. heterotopic bone). Orthop Nurs. 2000 Nov-Dec;19(6):66-7. [11899311]
  3. Centeno CJ, Freeman M, Elkins WL. A review of the literature refuting the concept of minor impact soft tissue injury. Pain Res Manag. 2005 Summer;10(2):71-4. [15915248]
  4. Guzman J, Yassi A, Cooper JE, Khokhar J. Return to work after occupational injury. Family physicians' perspectives on soft-tissue injuries. Can Fam Physician. 2002 Dec;48:1912-9. [12520791]
  5. Tull F, Borrelli J Jr. Soft-tissue injury associated with closed fractures: evaluation and management. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2003 Nov-Dec;11(6):431-8. [14686828]
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