Eye Allergy Treatment
A person with allergic conjunctivitis must learn how to avoid substances that trigger the illness. Treatment for allergic conjunctivitis usually includes cold compresses, oral antihistamines, antihistamine eye drops, and anti-inflammatory eye drops. Symptoms usually improve after a few days of treatment with oral medications or eyedrops. Symptoms may last longer in those who are constantly exposed to the substance that triggers allergic conjunctivitis.
Immunotherapy or allergy shots, train the body to tolerate the substance that triggers an allergic reaction. This may help reduce the severity of the symptoms when a person is exposed to the trigger.
Treatment for allergic conjunctivitis may include:
- Cold, wet compresses
- Use of artificial tears:
- Using these eye drops several times a day may reduce the symptoms of mild allergic conjunctivitis
- Oral antihistamines:
- Antihistamine eye drops:
- Emedastine (Emadine)
- Epinastine (Elestat)
- Levocabastine (Livostin)
- Azelastine (Optivar)
- Bepotastine besilate ophthalmic solution (Bepreve)
- Mast cell stabilizer, anti-inflammatory eye drops:
- Lodoxamide (Alomide)
- Olopatadine (Patanol, Pataday)
- Ketotifen (Zaditor)
- Cromolyn (Opticrom)
- Nedocromil (Alocril)
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs:
- Corticosteroid eye drops
Eye Allergy Questions For Doctor
The following are some important questions to ask before and after the treatment of allergic conjunctivitis.
Questions to ask before treatment:
- What are my treatment options?
- What are the risks associated with treatment?
- What are the complications I should watch for?
- How long will I be on medication?
- What are the potential side effects of my medication?
- Does my medication interact with nonprescription medicines or supplements?
- Should I take my medication with food?
Questions to ask after treatment:
- Are there any medications or supplements I should avoid?
- Do I need to change my diet?
- What else can I do to reduce my risk for allergies?
- How often will I need to see my doctor for checkups?
- What local support and other resources are available?
Eye Allergy Specialist
Continue to Eye Allergy Home Care
- Bielory L, Lien KW, Bigelsen S. Efficacy and tolerability of newer antihistamines in the treatment of allergic conjunctivitis. Drugs. 2005;65(2):215-28. 
- Bonini S. Atopic keratoconjunctivitis. Allergy. 2004 Aug;59 Suppl 78:71-3. 
- Ono SJ, Abelson MB. Allergic conjunctivitis: update on pathophysiology and prospects for future treatment. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2005 Jan;115(1):118-22. 
- Stahl JL, Barney NP. Ocular allergic disease. Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol. 2004 Oct;4(5):455-9.