Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Evaluation Treatment

Exposure to Blood Treatment

Initial treatment for an occupational exposure includes:

  • Needle sticks and cuts should be washed with soap and water immediately.
  • Splashes to the nose, mouth, or skin: the area should be flushed with water.
  • Splashes to the eyes: the eyes should be irrigated with water or eyewash.
  • The exposure should be evaluated immediately by an appropriate medical facility or emergency department.

Medical personnel assess the risk of exposure to HIV and hepatitis. If the risk is significant, additional treatment may be warranted.

Additional treatment for an occupational exposure may include:

Last Updated: Dec 21, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Exposure to Blood References
  1. Health problems and the use of health services among physicians: a review article with particular emphasis on Norwegian studies. Ind Health. 2007 Oct;45(5):599-610. [18057803]
  2. Rapparini C. Occupational HIV infection among health care workers exposed to blood and body fluids in Brazil. Am J Infect Control. 2006 May;34(4):237-40. [16679183]
  3. Wilburn SQ. Needlestick and sharps injury prevention. Online J Issues Nurs. 2004 Sep 30;9(3):5. [15482091]
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