Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Esophageal Varices Evaluation

The evaluation of esophageal varices begins with a medical history and physical examination.

Physical findings in someone with esophageal varices may include:

The diagnosis of esophageal varices is confirmed through testing.

Tests that may be used to evaluate esophageal varices include:

Additional tests that may be used to evaluate the liver in someone with esophageal varices include:

For more information:

Continue to Esophageal Varices Treatment

Last Updated: Dec 10, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Esophageal Varices References
  1. Biecker E, Schepke M, Sauerbruch T. The role of endoscopy in portal hypertension. Dig Dis. 2005;23(1):11-7. [15920321]
  2. D'Amico G, Pagliaro L, Bosch J. Pharmacological treatment of portal hypertension: an evidence-based approach. Semin Liver Dis. 1999;19(4):475-505. [10643630]
  3. Grace ND. Diagnosis and treatment of gastrointestinal bleeding secondary to portal hypertension. American College of Gastroenterology Practice Parameters Committee. Am J Gastroenterol. 1997 Jul;92(7):1081-91. [9219775]
  4. Hegab AM, Luketic VA. Bleeding esophageal varices. How to treat this dreaded complication of portal hypertension. Postgrad Med. 2001 Feb;109(2):75-6, 81-6, 89. [11272695]
  5. Schmitz RJ, Sharma P, Badr AS, Qamar MT, Weston AP. Incidence and management of esophageal stricture formation, ulcer bleeding, perforation, and massive hematoma formation from sclerotherapy versus band ligation. Am J Gastroenterol. 2001 Feb;96(2):437-41. [11232687]
  6. Shahi HM, Sarin SK. Prevention of first variceal bleed: an appraisal of current therapies. Am J Gastroenterol. 1998 Dec;93(12):2348-58. [9860391]
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