Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Esophageal Muscle Spasms Underlying Cause

The cause of esophageal spasm is unknown. It may be related to a disorder of the nerves that control the muscles of the esophagus.

Continue to Esophageal Muscle Spasms Anatomy

Last Updated: May 29, 2009 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Esophageal Muscle Spasms References
  1. Handa M, Mine K, Yamamoto H, Hayashi H, Tsuchida O, Kanazawa F, Kubo C. Antidepressant treatment of patients with diffuse esophageal spasm: a psychosomatic approach. J Clin Gastroenterol. 1999 Apr;28(3):228-32. [1019260]
  2. Kato T, Naiki T, Araki H, Nagaki M, Moriwaki H. Diffuse esophageal spasm. Gastrointest Endosc. 2004 Sep;60(3):428. [15332036]
  3. Storr M. Balloon dilation in patients with diffuse esophageal spasm. Gastrointest Endosc. 2005 Mar;61(3):501. [15758941]
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