Esophageal Achalasia Evaluation
An evaluation for achalasia begins with a history and physical examination.
Physical findings in someone with achalasia is usually normal.
Tests are required to confirm the diagnosis of achalasia.
Tests that may be used to evaluate achalasia include:
Continue to Esophageal Achalasia Treatment
- Garofalo JH, Pofahl WE. Achalasia: a brief review of treatment options and efficacy. Curr Surg. 2002 Nov-Dec;59(6):549-53. 
- Nguyen NQ, Holloway RH. Recent developments in esophageal motor disorders. Curr Opin Gastroenterol. 2005 Jul;21(4):478-84. 
- Woltman TA, Pellegrini CA, Oelschlager BK. Achalasia. Surg Clin North Am. 2005 Jun;85(3):483-93.