Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Epstein Barr Virus Overview

Another name for Epstein Barr Virus is Epstein Barr Infection.

What is Epstein Barr infection?
A person with an Epstein-Barr infection is infected with the Epstein-Barr virus. The Epstein-Barr virus infects white blood cells, which fight infection. Epstein-Barr is the virus that is responsible for acute mononucleosis. About 95 percent of adults have been infected by the Epstein-Barr virus by the time they are 40 years old.

What are the symptoms of Epstein Barr infection?
Most Epstein Barr infections do not cause symptoms. Symptoms of Epstein Barr infection include fatigue, weakness, fever, headache, muscle aches, rash, sore throat, swollen tonsils, and swollen glands in the neck. Other symptoms include nausea, vomiting, jaundice, and abdominal pain.

How does the doctor treat Epstein Barr infection?
Treatment for Epstein Barr infection includes encourage fluids, rest, avoid alcohol, warm saltwater gargles, and acetaminophen or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain and fever control.

Continue to Epstein Barr Virus Incidence

Last Updated: Aug 25, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Epstein Barr Virus References
  1. Comito MA, Sun Q, Lucas KG. Immunotherapy for Epstein-Barr virus-associated tumors. Leuk Lymphoma. 2004 Oct;45(10):1981-7. [15370241]
  2. Mayer HB, Wanke CA, Williams M, Crosson AW, Federman M, Hammer SM. Epstein-Barr virus-induced infectious mononucleosis complicated by acute renal failure: case report and review. Clin Infect Dis. 1996 Jun;22(6):1009-18. [878370]
  3. Sevilla J, del Carmen Escudero M, Jimenez R, Gonzalez-Vicent M, Manzanares J, Garcia-Novo D, Madero L. Severe systemic autoimmune disease associated with Epstein-Barr virus infection. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2004 Dec;26(12):831-3. [15591906]
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