- Severe difficulty breathing
- Noisy breathing:
- Particularly during inhalation
- Rapid breathing
- Retractions of chest muscles during inspiration
- Muffled voice
Testing is usually required to confirm the diagnosis of epiglottitis.
Tests that may be used to evaluate epiglottitis include:
- Direct visualization of the epiglottis in the operating room.
- This should be done as early as possible in all suspected cases of epiglottitis.
- Soft tissue x-rays of the neck can show enlargement of epiglottis
- Pulse oximetry
- Blood tests:
For more information:
Epiglottitis Similar Conditions
Conditions that may cause symptoms similar to epiglottitis include:
Continue to Epiglottitis Treatment
- Hickerson SL, Kirby RS, Wheeler JG, Schutze GE. Epiglottitis: a 9-year case review. South Med J. 1996 May;89(5):487-90. 
- Nakamura H, Tanaka H, Matsuda A, Fukushima E, Hasegawa M. Acute epiglottitis: a review of 80 patients. J Laryngol Otol. 2001 Jan;115(1):31-4. 
- Sack JL, Brock CD. Identifying acute epiglottitis in adults. High degree of awareness, close monitoring are key. Postgrad Med. 2002 Jul;112(1):81-2, 85-6.