Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Epididymitis Overview

What is epididymitis?
A man with epididymitis has inflammation of the epididymis, usually caused by a bacterial infection. Epididymitis can spread from the urethra, to the prostate gland or the bladder. Epididymitis is most common in 19 to 35 year old men. Some of the same bacteria that are transmitted sexually, such as gonorrhea and chlamydia, can also cause epididymitis.

What are the symptoms of epididymitis?
Symptoms of epididymitis include scrotal swelling, scrotal pain, pain during urination, penile discharge, and cloudy or bloody urine. Fever and chills may develop in more severe infections.

How does the doctor treat epididymitis?
Treatment for epididymitis includes rest, cold compresses, antibiotics, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain.

Continue to Epididymitis Incidence

Last Updated: Nov 16, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Epididymitis References
  1. Joly-Guillou ML, Lasry S. Practical recommendations for the drug treatment of bacterial infections of the male genital tract including urethritis, epididymitis and prostatitis. Drugs. 1999 May;57(5):743-50. [10353299]
  2. Kadish HA, Bolte RG. A retrospective review of pediatric patients with epididymitis, testicular torsion, and torsion of testicular appendages. Pediatrics. 1998 Jul;102(1 Pt 1):73-6. [9651416]
  3. Nickel JC, Siemens DR, Nickel KR, Downey J. The patient with chronic epididymitis: characterization of an enigmatic syndrome. J Urol. 2002 Apr;167(4):1701-4. [11912391]
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