The evaluation of enuresis begins with a medical history and physical examination.
The physical exam in someone with enuresis is normal.
Testing is required to exclude a urinary tract infection, which is a common cause for enuresis.
Tests that may be used to evaluate enuresis include:
Less common tests that may be used to evaluate enuresis include:
- Urine stress test:
- This test consists of asking a patient to stand with a full bladder and then cough, strain, or hold his or her breath
- Bladder metrics:
- A variety of tests that measure the amount of urine in the bladder after voiding, the urine flow rate, bladder capacity, and others
- Bladder manometry:
- Can measure the muscle activity of a bladder as it fills and empties
- Allows for direct visualization of the bladder and internal structures
Continue to Enuresis Treatment
- Moffatt ME. Nocturnal enuresis: a review of the efficacy of treatments and practical advice for clinicians. J Dev Behav Pediatr. 1997 Feb;18(1):49-56. 
- von Gontard A, Schaumburg H, Hollmann E, Eiberg H, Rittig S. The genetics of enuresis: a review. J Urol. 2001 Dec;166(6):2438-43.