Overview Incidence Risk Factors procedures Symptoms Evaluation Treatment questions for doctor specialist Home Care pain and fever Prevention Complications Underlying Cause Types Anatomy
- Heart murmur
- Enlargement of spleen
- Rashes that look like broken blood vessels in the skin or bruises:
- Janeway lesions
- Splinter hemorrhages
- Irregular heartbeat (cardiac arrhythmia)
- Conjunctival hemorrhage
- Neck vein distention
Test are required to confirm the diagnosis of bacterial endocarditis.
Tests that may be used to evaluate bacterial endocarditis include:
- Pulse oximetry
- Blood electrolytes
- Blood cultures
- Antistreptolysin O titers (ASO titers): used to detect a streptococcal infection.
- Erythrocyte sedimentation rate
- Complete blood count
- An effective and noninvasive diagnostic procedure for endocarditis.
- It can directly reveal the presence of vegetations on the heart valves in up to 80% of cases of primary endocarditis infection.
- Chest x-ray
Continue to Endocarditis Treatment
PubMed Endocarditis References
- Bayer AS, Bolger AF, Taubert KA: Diagnosis and Management of Infective Endocarditis and Its Complications. Circulation 1998; 98: 2936-48. 
- Calza L, Manfredi R, Chiodo F. Infective endocarditis: a review of the best treatment options. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2004 Sep;5(9):1899-916. 
- Tak T, Dhawan S, Reynolds C, Shukla SK. Current diagnosis and treatment of infective endocarditis. Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther. 2003 Dec;1(4):639-54. 
- Wilson WR, Karchmer AW, Dajani AS: Antibiotic treatment of adults with infective endocarditis due to streptococci, enterococci, staphylococci, and HACEK microorganisms. American Heart Association. JAMA 1995 Dec 6; 274(21): 1706-13.