Endemic Goiter Overview
What is an endemic goiter?
A person with endemic goiter has an enlarged thyroid gland. In endemic goiter, the thyroid cells are stimulated to grow, which may result in an over active thyroid (hyperthyroidism) or an underactive one (hypothyroidism). A goiter that produces excess thyroid hormone is called a toxic goiter. A non-toxic goiter produces normal levels of thyroid hormone.
What are the symptoms of endemic goiter?
Endemic goiter may cause symptoms of hyperthyroidism or symptoms of hypothyroidism. Symptoms of hyperthyroidism include absent menstrual periods, anxiety, nervousness, diarrhea, fatigue, heat intolerance, excessive sweating, palpitations, muscle cramps, rapid speech, rapid pulse, weight loss, and neck swelling. Symptoms of hypothyroidism include cold intolerance, dry hair, dry skin, neck swelling, thyroid gland enlargement, lethargy, low body temperature, constipation, loss of appetite, weakness, fatigue, and weight gain.
How does the doctor treat endemic goiter?
Treatment for endemic goiter may include iodine supplements, thyroid supplements, vitamin supplements, and surgery.
Continue to Endemic Goiter Incidence
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