Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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End Stage Renal Disease Overview

What is end stage renal disease?
A person with end stage renal disease has kidney failure. The kidneys are unable to filter waste from the blood, make urine, or regulate salts in the bloodstream. The most common causes of end stage renal disease are diabetes and high blood pressure.

What are the symptoms of end stage renal disease?
Symptoms of end stage renal disease include little or no urine production, itching, fatigue, anorexia, numbness and tingling, facial swelling, leg swelling, vomiting, memory loss and tremor. Other symptoms include breathing difficulty, confusion, seizures, and coma.

How does the doctor treat end stage renal disease?
In order to remove fluid and waste from the body, a person with end stage renal disease requires regular kidney dialysis, peritoneal dialysis, or a kidney transplant.

Continue to End Stage Renal Disease Symptoms

Last Updated: Sep 24, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed End Stage Renal Disease References
  1. Bailie GR, Uhlig K, Levey AS. Clinical practice guidelines in nephrology: evaluation, classification, and stratification of chronic kidney disease. Pharmacotherapy. 2005 Apr;25(4):491-502. [15977910]
  2. Boydstun II. Chronic kidney disease in adolescents. Adolesc Med Clin. 2005 Feb;16(1):185-99, xii. [15844391]
  3. Snively CS, Gutierrez C. Chronic kidney disease: prevention and treatment of common complications. Am Fam Physician. 2004 Nov 15;70(10):1921-8. [15571058]
  4. Toto RD. Management of hypertensive chronic kidney disease: role of calcium channel blockers. J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2005 Apr;7(4 Suppl 1):15-20. [15858398]
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