Overview Incidence Risk Factors Symptoms trigger factors Evaluation Treatment drugs bronchodilators questions for doctor specialist Home Care inhaler use taking control warning signs wheezing Prevention stop smoking Outlook Complications Underlying Cause Anatomy
- Avoid exposure to smoke.
- Avoid cough medicine.
- Avoid sedative medications.
- Avoid substances that trigger wheezing.
- Drink plenty of liquids to remain hydrated.
- Place a vaporizer or nebulizer in the bedroom at night.
- Learn to use prescribed inhalers correctly.
- Use short-acting inhalers every 20 minutes, or as directed by your doctor.
- Long-acting medications must be used regularly.
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PubMed Emphysema References
- Doherty DE, Briggs DD Jr. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: epidemiology, pathogenesis, disease course, and prognosis. Clin Cornerstone. 2004;Suppl 2:S5-16. 
- Ebell MH. Systemic corticosteroids for acute exacerbations of COPD. Am Fam Physician. 2005 Aug 1;72(3):437-8. 
- Kerstjens H, Postma D, Ten Hacken N. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Clin Evid. 2004 Jun;(11):2003-30. 
- Weder MM, Donohue JF. Role of bronchodilators in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Semin Respir Crit Care Med. 2005 Apr;26(2):221-34.