Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Embolism Renal Artery Underlying Cause

Renal artery occlusion may occur suddenly or gradually.

A sudden renal artery occlusion is usually caused by a blood clot in the renal artery, called a renal artery thrombosis.

Causes of renal artery thrombosis include:

Causes of gradual renal artery occlusion include:
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Fibromuscular dysplasia:
    • A disease of the arteries
    • Affects the arteries in the neck and kidneys
    • Most common in young to middle-aged women
    • The cause is unknown

Continue to Embolism Renal Artery Anatomy

Last Updated: Feb 9, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Embolism Renal Artery References
  1. Gasparini M, Hofmann R, Stoller M. Renal artery embolism: clinical features and therapeutic options. J Urol. 1992 Mar;147(3):567-72. [1538430]
  2. Haas CA, Dinchman KH, Nasrallah PF, Spirnak JP. Traumatic renal artery occlusion: a 15-year review. J Trauma. 1998 Sep;45(3):557-61. [9751550]
  3. Nicholas GG, DeMuth WE Jr. Treatment of renal artery embolism. Arch Surg. 1984 Mar;119(3):278-81. [6230069]
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