Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Incidence Risk Factors Symptoms Evaluation blood level Treatment diet drugs questions for doctor specialist Home Care diet Outlook Complications Underlying Cause

Elevated Triglycerides Home Care

Home care for high triglycerides includes:

  • Eat a healthy heart diet:
    • Limit your intake of fat to 30% of your total calories.
    • 10% to 15% of your total calories should be in the form of monounsaturated fats, such as olive oil, canola oil and peanut oil.
    • Low cholesterol diet.
    • Low salt diet.
  • Eat a diet high in omega-3-fatty acids:
    • Salmon
    • Tuna
    • Mackerel
    • Trout
  • Avoid saturated vegetable oil:
    • Coconut oil
    • Palm oil
    • Use canola oil or olive oil.
  • Avoid red meat and eggs.
  • Avoid alcohol, or drink alcohol in moderation:
    • For men: no more than 2 alcoholic beverages per day
    • For women: no more than 1 alcoholic beverage per day
  • Follow an exercise plan developed with your doctor.
  • Weight loss if you are overweight
  • If you have been prescribed medications to control high cholesterol, so not skip doses.
  • Take any prescribed heart medications as directed:
    • Don't skip doses of your heart medication
    • Avoid running out of your prescribed heart medications
    • Don't stop your medication when you feel better
    • Talk to your doctor before stopping your heart medication if you feel worse.
    • Be aware of potential drug side effects
  • If you have high blood pressure, don't skip doses of your medication
    • Check your blood pressure every day:
    • Keep a log of your results.
  • Learn everything you can about high triglycerides:
    • The more you know about your condition, the easier it will be to participate with your doctor in making treatment decisions.
    • Ask your doctor about good sources for information.
    • Write down questions to ask your doctor.

Elevated Triglycerides Diet

It is important to follow a healthy diet at home if you have high triglycerides.

Strategies for a healthy diet include:

  • Limit total fat intake to 20 to 25% of your total calories:
    • Less than 7% of the day's total calories from saturated fat
    • Up to 10% of the day's total calories from polyunsaturated fat
    • Up to 20% of the day's total calories from monounsaturated fat
  • No more than 200 milligrams of dietary cholesterol per day
  • Do not overeat. Follow a diet that meets the number of calories recommended by your doctor or dietician.
  • No more than 6 grams of salt per day: your doctor may advise you to restrict your intake of salt to 2 grams per day if you have congestive heart failure or high blood pressure.
  • Eat plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables
  • Eat more complex carbohydrates, such as starch and fiber. Whole grains and brown rice are good sources of fiber. Other sources include:
    • Fruits
    • Vegetables
    • Bran
    • Barley
    • Oats
    • Legumes
  • Do not take iron supplements unless directed to do so by your doctor.
  • Avoid fad diets.
  • Talk to your doctor about taking B vitamins. Some people may benefit from these supplements.

Key Dietary Recommendations for Chronic Disease Prevention
Energy (calories)to maintain BMI < 25
Total fats< or = to 30% of total daily calories
Saturated fats< 7% of total daily calories
Polyunsaturated fats< 10% of total daily calories
Monounsaturated fats< 13% of total daily calories
Cholesterol< or = to 300 mg per day
Dietary fiber25-30 grams per day
Fiber type3:1 insoluble to soluble fiber
Sodium< or = to 1,500 mg per day
Calcium 9-24 yrs1,200-1,500 mg per day
Calcium 25-50 yrs1,000 mg per day
Calcium 51-65 yrs1,200 mg per day
Calcium >65 yrs1,500 mg per day
Vitamin D 9-50 yrs200 IU per day
Vitamin D 51-70 yrs400 IU per day
Vitamin D >70 yrs600 IU per day
Folic acid400 micrograms (ug) per day
Fruits & vegetables5-7 servings per day
Alcohol (men)< or = to 2 drinks per day
Alcohol (women)< or = to 1 drink per day

Continue to Elevated Triglycerides Outlook

Last Updated: Mar 4, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
Copyright DSHI Systems, Inc. Powered by: FreeMD - Your Virtual Doctor

PubMed Elevated Triglycerides References
  1. Breuer HW. Hypertriglyceridemia: a review of clinical relevance and treatment options: focus on cerivastatin. Curr Med Res Opin. 2001;17(1):60-73. [11464448]
  2. James JS. New guidelines for avoiding heart disease by managing high cholesterol, triglycerides, or related problems in HIV. AIDS Treat News. 2003 Sep 12;(394):8. [14669731]
  3. Kwiterovich PO Jr. The metabolic pathways of high-density lipoprotein, low-density lipoprotein, and triglycerides: a current review. Am J Cardiol. 2000 Dec 21;86(12A):5L-10L. [1137485]
  4. Rapp RJ. Hypertriglyceridemia: a review beyond low-density lipoprotein. Cardiol Rev. 2002 May-Jun;10(3):163-72. [12047794]
FreeMD is provided for information purposes only and should not be used as a substitute for evaluation and treatment by a physician. Please review our terms of use.