Elevated Triglycerides Home Care
Home care for high triglycerides includes:
- Eat a healthy heart diet:
- Limit your intake of fat to 30% of your total calories.
- 10% to 15% of your total calories should be in the form of monounsaturated fats, such as olive oil, canola oil and peanut oil.
- Low cholesterol diet.
- Low salt diet.
- Eat a diet high in omega-3-fatty acids:
- Avoid saturated vegetable oil:
- Coconut oil
- Palm oil
- Use canola oil or olive oil.
- Avoid red meat and eggs.
- Avoid alcohol, or drink alcohol in moderation:
- For men: no more than 2 alcoholic beverages per day
- For women: no more than 1 alcoholic beverage per day
- Follow an exercise plan developed with your doctor.
- Weight loss if you are overweight
- If you have been prescribed medications to control high cholesterol, so not skip doses.
- Take any prescribed heart medications as directed:
- Don't skip doses of your heart medication
- Avoid running out of your prescribed heart medications
- Don't stop your medication when you feel better
- Talk to your doctor before stopping your heart medication if you feel worse.
- Be aware of potential drug side effects
- If you have high blood pressure, don't skip doses of your medication
- Learn everything you can about high triglycerides:
- The more you know about your condition, the easier it will be to participate with your doctor in making treatment decisions.
- Ask your doctor about good sources for information.
- Write down questions to ask your doctor.
Elevated Triglycerides Diet
It is important to follow a healthy diet at home if you have high triglycerides.
Strategies for a healthy diet include:
- Limit total fat intake to 20 to 25% of your total calories:
- Less than 7% of the day's total calories from saturated fat
- Up to 10% of the day's total calories from polyunsaturated fat
- Up to 20% of the day's total calories from monounsaturated fat
- No more than 200 milligrams of dietary cholesterol per day
- Do not overeat. Follow a diet that meets the number of calories recommended by your doctor or dietician.
- No more than 6 grams of salt per day: your doctor may advise you to restrict your intake of salt to 2 grams per day if you have congestive heart failure or high blood pressure.
- Eat plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables
- Eat more complex carbohydrates, such as starch and fiber. Whole grains and brown rice are good sources of fiber. Other sources include:
- Do not take iron supplements unless directed to do so by your doctor.
- Avoid fad diets.
- Talk to your doctor about taking B vitamins. Some people may benefit from these supplements.
Key Dietary Recommendations for Chronic Disease Prevention
|Energy (calories)||to maintain BMI < 25|
|Total fats||< or = to 30% of total daily calories|
|Saturated fats||< 7% of total daily calories|
|Polyunsaturated fats||< 10% of total daily calories|
|Monounsaturated fats||< 13% of total daily calories|
|Cholesterol||< or = to 300 mg per day|
|Dietary fiber||25-30 grams per day|
|Fiber type||3:1 insoluble to soluble fiber|
|Sodium||< or = to 1,500 mg per day|
|Calcium 9-24 yrs||1,200-1,500 mg per day|
|Calcium 25-50 yrs||1,000 mg per day|
|Calcium 51-65 yrs||1,200 mg per day|
|Calcium >65 yrs||1,500 mg per day|
|Vitamin D 9-50 yrs||200 IU per day|
|Vitamin D 51-70 yrs||400 IU per day|
|Vitamin D >70 yrs||600 IU per day|
|Folic acid||400 micrograms (ug) per day|
|Fruits & vegetables||5-7 servings per day|
|Alcohol (men)||< or = to 2 drinks per day|
|Alcohol (women)||< or = to 1 drink per day|
Continue to Elevated Triglycerides Outlook
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- Kwiterovich PO Jr. The metabolic pathways of high-density lipoprotein, low-density lipoprotein, and triglycerides: a current review. Am J Cardiol. 2000 Dec 21;86(12A):5L-10L. 
- Rapp RJ. Hypertriglyceridemia: a review beyond low-density lipoprotein. Cardiol Rev. 2002 May-Jun;10(3):163-72.