Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Elevated Prolactin Anatomy

To better understand hyperprolactinemia, it helps to understand the anatomy of the pituitary gland.

The pituitary gland is a small, pea-sized gland that is located at the base of the brain. It is attached to the hypothalamus by a stalk. The hypothalamus controls the release of hormones from the pituitary gland.

Pituitary hormones include:

  • Growth hormone:
    • Stimulates growth
  • Thyroid stimulating hormone:
    • Stimulates the thyroid gland
  • Adrenocorticotropic hormone:
    • Stimulates the adrenal glands
  • Prolactin:
    • Stimulates breast tissue to produce milk

Continue to Elevated Prolactin Physiology

Last Updated: Dec 16, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Elevated Prolactin References
  1. Serri O, Chik CL, Ur E, Ezzat S. Diagnosis and management of hyperprolactinemia. CMAJ. 2003 Sep 16;169(6):575-81. [12975226]
  2. Verhelst J, Abs R. Hyperprolactinemia: pathophysiology and management. Treat Endocrinol. 2003;2(1):23-32. [15871552]
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