Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Elevated Potassium Overview

Another name for Elevated Potassium is Hyperkalemia.

What is hyperkalemia?
A person with hyperkalemia has abnormally high levels of potassium in the bloodstream. The most common cause of hyperkalemia is kidney failure. Additional causes include severe burns, severe dehydration, and medication side effects.

What are the symptoms of hyperkalemia?
Symptoms of hyperkalemia include numbness, tingling, muscle weakness, and palpitations.

How does the doctor treat hyperkalemia?
Treatment for hyperkalemia may include diet control, cardiac monitoring, intravenous fluids, and medications to lower potassium in the bloodstream. Kidney dialysis may be required in some patients.

Continue to Elevated Potassium Symptoms

Last Updated: Aug 27, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Elevated Potassium References
  1. Gennari FJ. Disorders of potassium homeostasis. Hypokalemia and hyperkalemia. Crit Care Clin. 2002 Apr;18(2):273-88, vi. [12053834]
  2. Kim HJ, Han SW. Therapeutic approach to hyperkalemia. Nephron. 2002;92 Suppl 1:33-40. [12401936]
  3. Sica DA, Gehr TW, Yancy C. Hyperkalemia, congestive heart failure, and aldosterone receptor antagonism. Congest Heart Fail. 2003 Jul-Aug;9(4):224-9. [12937359]
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