Elevated LDL Serum HDL
High levels of HDL cholesterol seems to provide protection from damage to the arteries. An HDL over 35 mg/dL lowers the risk of heart disease. However, an HDL less than 35 mg/dL increases risk for heart disease.
Cardiovascular Risk by HDL Levels
|Very Low Risk||65||75|
|High Risk||under 25||under 40|
Cardiovascular Risk by Total Cholesterol to HDL Ratio
|Very Low Risk||3.4||3.3|
|High Risk||over 23||over 11|
Continue to Elevated LDL Serum LDL
- Borghi C, Veronesi M, Bacchelli S, Esposti DD, Cosentino E, Ambrosioni E. Serum cholesterol levels, blood pressure response to stress and incidence of stable hypertension in young subjects with high normal blood pressure. J Hypertens. 2004 Feb;22(2):265-72. 
- Morgan JM, Capuzzi DM. Hypercholesterolemia. The NCEP Adult Treatment Panel III Guidelines. Geriatrics. 2003 Aug;58(8):33-8. 
- Schatz IJ, Masaki K, Yano K, Chen R, Rodriguez BL, Curb JD. Cholesterol and all-cause mortality in elderly people from the Honolulu Heart Program: a cohort study. Lancet. 2001 Aug 4;358(9279):351-5.