Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Ehrlichiosis Overview

What is ehrlichiosis?
A person with ehrlichiosis has an infection of the white blood cells caused by the bacteria, Ehrlichia chaffeensis. These bacteria are spread through the bite of an infected tick, such as the lone star tick. Several types of Ehrlichia bacteria infect humans and cause ehrlichiosis. With treatment, most people with ehrlichiosis recover completely from the infection.

What are the symptoms of ehrlichiosis?
Symptoms of ehrlichiosis include abdominal pain, chills, fever, cough, diarrhea, fatigue, headache, muscle aches, nausea, shortness of breath, vomiting, and rash.

How does the doctor treat ehrlichiosis?
Treatment for ehrlichiosis includes antibiotics and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain.

Continue to Ehrlichiosis Symptoms

Last Updated: Aug 18, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Ehrlichiosis References
  1. Dumler JS. Is human granulocytic ehrlichiosis a new Lyme disease? Review and comparison of clinical, laboratory, epidemiological, and some biological features. Clin Infect Dis. 1997 Jul;25 Suppl 1:S43-7. [9233663]
  2. Nutt AK, Raufman J. Gastrointestinal and hepatic manifestations of human ehrlichiosis: 8 cases and a review of the literature. Dig Dis. 1999;17(1):37-43. [10436355]
  3. Stone JH, Dierberg K, Aram G, Dumler JS. Human monocytic ehrlichiosis. JAMA. 2004 Nov 10;292(18):2263-70. [15536115]
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