Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Symptoms Evaluation Treatment drugs Home Care low salt diet warning signs Underlying Cause

Edema Treatment

The treatment for swelling depends on the underlying cause. Treatment for swelling may include elevation, low salt diet, reducing liquids, weight loss, or medication.

Treatment for swelling may include:

  • Elevation of the swollen area
  • Low salt diet
  • Medications for swelling:
  • Fluid restriction:
    • Restricting liquids in the diet
  • Weight loss
  • Compression stockings or sleeves

Edema Drugs

The most common medications used for swelling are diuretics, which stimulate the kidneys to get rid of excess fluid in the body.

Diuretic medications include:

Continue to Edema Home Care

Last Updated: Jan 5, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Edema References
  1. Blankfield RP, Finkelhor RS, Alexander JJ, Flocke SA, Maiocco J, Goodwin M, Zyzanski SJ. Etiology and diagnosis of bilateral leg edema in primary care. Am J Med. 1998 Sep;105(3):192-7. [9753021]
  2. Blankfield RP, Zyzanski SJ. Bilateral leg edema, pulmonary hypertension, and obstructive sleep apnea: a cross-sectional study. J Fam Pract. 2002 Jun;51(6):561-4. [12100781]
  3. Cohen EG, Soliman AM. Changing trends in angioedema. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2001 Aug;110(8):701-6. [11510724]
  4. O'Brien JG, Chennubhotla SA, Chennubhotla RV. Treatment of edema. Am Fam Physician. 2005 Jun 1;71(11):2111-7. [15952439]
  5. Pedrinelli R, Dell'Omo G, Melillo E, Mariani M. Amlodipine, enalapril, and dependent leg edema in essential hypertension. Hypertension. 2000 Feb;35(2):621-5. [10679507]
  6. Perrin M, Guex JJ. Edema and leg volume: methods of assessment. Angiology. 2000 Jan;51(1):9-12. [10667637]
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