Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Symptoms Evaluation Treatment drugs Home Care low salt diet warning signs Underlying Cause

Edema Overview

Another name for Edema is Swelling.

What is swelling?
A person with swelling has enlargement of part of the body, usually due to a collection of fluid beneath the skin. Swelling may affect the entire body, or it may be localized to one area, such as a limb. Common causes of swelling include rash, congestive heart failure, allergic reactions, venous insufficiency, or a medication side effect.

What are the symptoms of swelling?
Symptoms that may occur with swelling include fatigue and pitting: finger pressure leaves a shallow fingerprint in the skin. Additional symptoms include rings that do not fit, and clothes or watches that are too tight.

How does the doctor treat swelling?
The treatment for swelling depends on the underlying cause. Treatment for swelling may include elevation of the swollen area, low salt diet, reducing the amount of liquids in the diet, weight loss, or medication.

Continue to Edema Symptoms

Last Updated: Aug 23, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Edema References
  1. Blankfield RP, Finkelhor RS, Alexander JJ, Flocke SA, Maiocco J, Goodwin M, Zyzanski SJ. Etiology and diagnosis of bilateral leg edema in primary care. Am J Med. 1998 Sep;105(3):192-7. [9753021]
  2. Blankfield RP, Zyzanski SJ. Bilateral leg edema, pulmonary hypertension, and obstructive sleep apnea: a cross-sectional study. J Fam Pract. 2002 Jun;51(6):561-4. [12100781]
  3. Cohen EG, Soliman AM. Changing trends in angioedema. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2001 Aug;110(8):701-6. [11510724]
  4. O'Brien JG, Chennubhotla SA, Chennubhotla RV. Treatment of edema. Am Fam Physician. 2005 Jun 1;71(11):2111-7. [15952439]
  5. Pedrinelli R, Dell'Omo G, Melillo E, Mariani M. Amlodipine, enalapril, and dependent leg edema in essential hypertension. Hypertension. 2000 Feb;35(2):621-5. [10679507]
  6. Perrin M, Guex JJ. Edema and leg volume: methods of assessment. Angiology. 2000 Jan;51(1):9-12. [10667637]
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