Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Duchenne's Muscular Dystrophy Underlying Cause

Muscular dystrophy is an inherited disorder. The exact cause of the illness is unknown.

An inherited disease is a condition that is often caused by an abnormality in the genes or chromosomes. Chromosomes contain thousands of genes. Genes act as codes, or templates, that determine the structure of the body's essential building blocks, such as enzymes, proteins, and hormones. An abnormality in any one chromosome, or a single gene, can result in disease. Tiny abnormalities in a single gene (or collection of genes) can cause an illness, or increase our risk for a certain disease. These abnormalities are referred to as mutations.

Continue to Duchenne's Muscular Dystrophy Types

Last Updated: Dec 2, 2009 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Duchenne's Muscular Dystrophy References
  1. Cossu G, Sampaolesi M. New therapies for muscular dystrophy: cautious optimism. Trends Mol Med. 2004 Oct;10(10):516-20. [15464452]
  2. Gregorevic P, Chamberlain JS. Gene therapy for muscular dystrophy - a review of promising progress. Expert Opin Biol Ther. 2003 Aug;3(5):803-14. [12880380]
  3. Leyten QH, Gabreels FJ, Renier WO, ter Laak HJ. Congenital muscular dystrophy: a review of the literature. Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 1996 Nov;98(4):267-80. [8930416]
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