Overview Incidence Risk Factors Symptoms Evaluation Treatment specialist Home Care cough in adults cough in children pain and fever adults pain and fever children sore throat in adults sore throat in children warning signs Prevention Outlook Underlying Cause Transmission
- A pseudomembrane that is visible on the back of the throat.
- A red throat and tonsils
- Swollen tonsils
- Pus or discharge on the tonsils
- Swollen lymph nodes in the neck
- Neck swelling
- Abnormal eye movement
Tests are often necessary to confirm the presence of diphtheria.
Tests that may be used to evaluate diphtheria include:
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PubMed Diphtheria References
- Matheson AJ, Goa KL. Diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis vaccine adsorbed (Triacelluvax; DTaP3-CB): a review of its use in the prevention of Bordetella pertussis infection. Paediatr Drugs. 2000 Mar-Apr;2(2):139-59. 
- McCluney NA, McKerrow WS. Should we be concerned about diphtheria in the UK? Surgeon. 2004 Aug;2(4):234-5. 
- Pichichero ME, Rennels MB, Edwards KM, Blatter MM, Marshall GS, Bologa M, Wang E, Mills E. Combined tetanus, diphtheria, and 5-component pertussis vaccine for use in adolescents and adults. JAMA. 2005 Jun 22;293(24):3003-11.