Dilated Cardiomyopathy Treatment
Treatment for an enlarged heart depends on the underlying cause. Treatment for an enlarged heart may include stop smoking, heart diet, low cholesterol diet, low salt diet, an exercise plan, weight reduction, and fluid restriction. Medications to treat an enlarged heart may include diuretics, beta-blockers, ACE inhibitors, aspirin, and potassium supplements.
Treatment for an enlarged heart may include:
- Stop smoking.
- Avoid exposure to secondary smoke.
- Eat a healthy heart diet:
- Fluid restriction:
- As directed by your doctor
- Elastic support stockings
- Follow an exercise plan developed with your doctor.
- Potassium supplements
- Control of high blood pressure:
Dilated Cardiomyopathy Diet
It is important to follow a healthy diet if you have cardiac enlargement.
Enlarged Heart Diet
- Avoiding fad diets: a well-rounded diet is much better.
- Limited fat intake to no more than 30% of total calories:
- Some experts recommend no more than 20-25% fat.
- Eating high-quality fats:
- Using virgin olive oil and other unsaturated, low-cholesterol fats.
- 10% to 15% of total calories should be in the form of monounsaturated fatty acids (e.g. olive oil, canola oil, and peanut oil).
- Eating less than 300 milligrams of dietary cholesterol a day.
- Eating plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables.
- Limited iron intake: too much iron can increase atherosclerosis.
- Replacing animal protein with soy.
- Reducing salt to no more than 3 grams per day. A doctor may lower this recommendation to no more than 2 grams for people with high blood pressure or congestive heart failure.
- Emphasizing complex carbohydrates, such as starch and fiber. Whole grains and brown rice are good fiber sources. Other sources include:
Dilated Cardiomyopathy Specialist
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