Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Incidence Symptoms Evaluation Treatment questions for doctor specialist Warning Signs Prevention Outlook Complications Underlying Cause

Diabetic Ketoacidosis Symptoms

Symptoms of early diabetic ketoacidosis include:

Abnormal Breathing Rates
AgeUpper NormalAbnormal
6mo - 1 year40 breaths per min60 breaths per min
1 - 3 years30 breaths per min50 breaths per min
4 - 5 years28 breaths per min45 breaths per min
5 - 6 years26 breaths per min40 breaths per min
6 - 12 years24 breaths per min30 breaths per min
Over 12 years20 breaths per min25+ breaths per min

Symptoms of worsening diabetic ketoacidosis include:

Symptoms of mild dehydration secondary to diabetic ketoacidosis include:

Symptoms of mild to moderate dehydration secondary to diabetic ketoacidosis include:

Symptoms of severe dehydration secondary to diabetic ketoacidosis include:

For more information:

Continue to Diabetic Ketoacidosis Evaluation

Last Updated: Jan 22, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Diabetic Ketoacidosis References
  1. Agus MS, Wolfsdorf JI. Diabetic ketoacidosis in children. Pediatr Clin North Am. 2005 Aug;52(4):1147-63, ix. [16009261]
  2. Charfen MA, Fernandez-Frackelton M. Diabetic ketoacidosis. Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2005 Aug;23(3):609-28, vii. [15982537]
  3. Newton CA, Raskin P. Diabetic ketoacidosis in type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus: clinical and biochemical differences. Arch Intern Med. 2004 Sep 27;164(17):1925-31. [15451769]
  4. Umpierrez GE, Kitabchi AE. Diabetic ketoacidosis: risk factors and management strategies. Treat Endocrinol. 2003;2(2):95-108. [15871546]
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