Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Diabetes Drugs

Type 1 Diabetes Drugs
Insulin is the primary drug therapy for type 1 diabetes. Insulin is the human hormone that keeps blood glucose under control. Insulin is given by injection or through an automatic insulin pump. Both methods can work well when managed properly.

Insulin pumps are small devices that that deliver insulin through a tiny needle that remains in the skin. This provides a constant dose of regular insulin at all times. The pump can be adjusted to release extra insulin before a meal. Wearing a pump does not avoid regular blood sugar testing.

Insulin injection therapy uses combinations of short, intermediate, and long-acting insulin at different times of the day. These injections can be given 2 to 4 times per day. Doses will vary depending on a person's size, blood sugar level, meals and activity.

Type 2 Diabetes Drugs
Most type 2 diabetics require one or more oral medications to control their blood sugar levels. Some people with type 2 diabetes also require treatment with insulin.

Oral medications for type 2 diabetes:

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Last Updated: Dec 9, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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