Overview Incidence Symptoms Evaluation Treatment drugs questions for doctor specialist Home Care diet hyperglycemia hypoglycemia taking control vomiting warning signs Prevention Underlying Cause Types Anatomy
- Drink clear liquids only, such as water, sports drinks, fruit juice and dilute tea. Sports drinks are best. The absence of food allows the intestines to rest.
- Drink small quantities of fluids frequently. In general, two tablespoons of fluid every 5 minutes is an effective strategy.
- Avoid milk and dairy products for 3 days.
- Avoid liquids that irritate the stomach, such as citrus juice, alcohol and coffee.
- If nausea or vomiting continues despite the above, consider one of the nonprescription medicines listed below.
- Once vomiting and nausea resolves, start bland foods first. If you tolerate bland food, then you can resume a normal diet.
Nonprescription medications for vomiting include:
Home treatment of vomiting in children includes hydration and dietary therapy. Those who are able to drink liquids can restore lost water and salt with oral rehydration therapy (ORT).
ORT fluids used in older children include:
- Sports drinks (Gatorade)
- Dilute fruit juices
- Flat soda
- Weak tea with sugar
Strategies for children:
- Provide as much ORT fluids as your child desires.
- If vomiting occurs, provide small amounts of ORT fluids more frequently:
- Children 10-20 kg (22-44 lb): 15 ml (1 tablespoon) every 5 minutes
- Children 20-40 kg (44-88 lb): 22 ml (1 and 1/2 tablespoons) every 5 minutes
- Children 40 kg (88 lb) and over: 30 ml (2 tablespoons) every 5 minutes
- Watch for dehydration: dry mouth, decreased urination, dark yellow urine and lack of tears.
Most children with vomiting improve in a few hours and symptoms usually resolve in one day. Once vomiting and nausea resolves, provide bland foods first. If bland foods are tolerated, then you resume a normal diet.
Foods that are easiest to tolerate include:
- Soft foods
Foods to avoid include:
- Concentrated fruit juices
- Junk foods
- Milk products
- Recently introduced foods
- Spicy foods
Nonprescription medicines for vomiting should only be used under the direction of your doctor.
Continue to Diabetes Warning Signs
PubMed Diabetes References
- Lebovitz HE. Type 2 diabetes: an overview. Clin Chem. 1999 Aug;45(8 Pt 2):1339-45. 
- Monnier L, Benichou M, Charra-Ebrard S, Boegner C, Colette C. An overview of the rationale for pharmacological strategies in type 2 diabetes: from the evidence to new perspectives. Diabetes Metab. 2005 Apr;31(2):101-9. 
- Olson DE, Norris SL. Diabetes in older adults. Overview of AGS guidelines for the treatment of diabetes mellitus in geriatric populations. Geriatrics. 2004 Apr;59(4):18-24. 
- Ratner RE. Type 2 diabetes mellitus: the grand overview. Diabet Med. 1998;15 Suppl 4:S4-7. 
- Ulbrecht JS, Cavanagh PR, Caputo GM. Foot problems in diabetes: an overview. Clin Infect Dis. 2004 Aug 1;39 Suppl 2:S73-82.