Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Diabetes Type 1 Overview

Another name for Diabetes Type 1 is Type 1 Diabetes.

What is type 1 diabetes?
In a person with type 1 diabetes, the pancreas does not produce enough insulin to regulate the blood sugar (glucose) level properly. Insulin is a hormone that reduces blood glucose levels by stimulating the body to utilize glucose for energy. Type 1 diabetes is caused by an abnormal immune system, which normally fights infection. The immune system mistakenly attacks cells in the pancreas, and the damaged cells are unable to produce insulin. The lack of insulin causes elevated blood glucose levels. Type 1 diabetes usually starts during childhood, whereas type 2 diabetes usually begins in adulthood. About 15 out of every 100,000 people develop type 1 diabetes every year in the US.

What are the symptoms of type 1 diabetes?
Symptoms of type 1 diabetes include blurry vision, dizziness, excessive fatigue, excessive thirst, faintness, frequent urination, headaches, muscle cramps, nausea, excessive sleepiness, and weight loss.

How does the doctor treat type 1 diabetes?
Treatment for type 1 diabetes includes a diabetic diet, monitoring the blood sugar, insulin therapy, weight control, and regular exercise.

Continue to Diabetes Type 1 Incidence

Last Updated: May 28, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Diabetes Type 1 References
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  2. Larsson K, Elding-Larsson H, Cederwall E, Kockum K, Neiderud J, Sjoblad S, Lindberg B, Lernmark B, Cilio C, Ivarsson SA, Lernmark A. Genetic and perinatal factors as risk for childhood type 1 diabetes. Diabetes Metab Res Rev. 2004 Nov-Dec;20(6):429-37. [15386804]
  3. Mannucci E, Rotella F, Ricca V, Moretti S, Placidi GF, Rotella CM. Eating disorders in patients with type 1 diabetes: a meta-analysis. J Endocrinol Invest. 2005 May;28(5):417-9. [16075924]
  4. Schlosser M, Strebelow M, Rjasanowski I, Kerner W, Wassmuth R, Ziegler M. Prevalence of diabetes-associated autoantibodies in schoolchildren: the Karlsburg Type 1 Diabetes Risk Study. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2004 Dec;1037:114-7. [15699502]
  5. Steck AK, Bugawan TL, Valdes AM, Emery LM, Blair A, Norris JM, Redondo MJ, Babu SR, Erlich HA, Eisenbarth GS, Rewers MJ. Association of non-HLA genes with type 1 diabetes autoimmunity. Diabetes. 2005 Aug;54(8):2482-6. [16046318]
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