Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Dengue Fever Overview

What is Dengue fever?
A person with Dengue fever has a viral infection that is transmitted to humans by mosquitoes. Most Dengue infections cause flu-like symptoms that resolve over 7 days. However, in some cases the infection causes inflammation of small blood vessels, which can result in serious bleeding. Dengue fever is most dangerous in children, who are at the highest risk of developing severe illness.

What are the symptoms of Dengue fever?
Initial symptoms of Dengue fever include fever, headache, muscle aches, joint pains, rash, nausea, and vomiting. Symptoms of worsening Dengue fever include bleeding gums, nosebleeds, bloody urine, and a rash that looks like broken blood vessels under the skin.

How does the doctor treat Dengue fever?
Treatment for Dengue fever includes rest, plenty of fluids, and acetaminophen or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain and fever control. Treatment for severe Dengue fever may include intravenous fluids and antiviral medications.

Continue to Dengue Fever Incidence

Last Updated: Aug 18, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Dengue Fever References
  1. Alejandria M. Dengue fever. Clin Evid. 2005 Jun;(13):887-95. [1613528]
  2. Mackenzie JS, Gubler DJ, Petersen LR. Emerging flaviviruses: the spread and resurgence of Japanese encephalitis, West Nile and dengue viruses. Nat Med. 2004 Dec;10(12 Suppl):S98-109. [15577938]
  3. Malavige GN, Fernando S, Fernando DJ, Seneviratne SL. Dengue viral infections. Postgrad Med J. 2004 Oct;80(948):588-601. [15466994]
  4. Wilder-Smith A, Schwartz E. Dengue in travelers. N Engl J Med. 2005 Sep 1;353(9):924-32. [16135837]
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