Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Delayed Stomach Emptying due to Diabetes Underlying Cause

Gastroparesis can be caused by anything that damages the vagus nerve. The vagus nerve controls the movement of food through the digestive tract.

If the vagus nerve is damaged, the muscles of the stomach and intestines do not work normally. When this happens the movement of food is slowed or stopped.

Diabetes is one of the most common causes of gastroparesis. Diabetes can damage the vagus nerve when blood glucose levels remain high over a long period of time. High blood glucose causes chemical changes in nerves and damages the blood vessels that carry oxygen and nutrients to the nerves.

Last Updated: Dec 9, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Delayed Stomach Emptying due to Diabetes References
  1. Gentilcore D, O'Donovan D, Jones KL, Horowitz M. Nutrition therapy for diabetic gastroparesis. Curr Diab Rep. 2003 Oct;3(5):418-26. [12975033]
  2. Kong MF, Horowitz M. Diabetic gastroparesis. Diabet Med. 2005 Sep;22 Suppl 4:13-8. [16109013]
  3. Olson DE, Norris SL. Diabetes in older adults. Overview of AGS guidelines for the treatment of diabetes mellitus in geriatric populations. Geriatrics. 2004 Apr;59(4):18-24. [15086070]
  4. Smith DS, Ferris CD. Current concepts in diabetic gastroparesis. Drugs. 2003;63(13):1339-58. [12825960]
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