Deficiency of Vitamin B1 Physiology
Vitamin B1 (thiamin or thiamine) belongs to a family of water-soluble vitamins known as the B-complex vitamins. The functions of the individual B vitamins are closely related. The body stores enough vitamin B1 to last for about 1-2 weeks. Excess B1 is filtered by the kidneys and excreted in the urine.
Functions of vitamin B1 include:
- An essential part of the coenzyme system for carbohydrate metabolism
- For proper functioning of the nervous and cardiovascular system
- Necessary for energy production
- Prevention of beriberi
- Stimulation of the appetite
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