Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Decreased Thyroid Hormone Overview

Another name for Decreased Thyroid Hormone is Hypothyroidism.

What is hypothyroidism?
A person with hypothyroidism has an under-active thyroid gland that does not release enough thyroid hormone into the bloodstream. Thyroid hormone regulates metabolism. The most common cause of hypothyroidism in the US is Hashimoto thyroiditis. Hypothyroidism usually occurs between the ages of 30 and 50. With treatment, most people with hypothyroidism lead a normal life.

What are the symptoms of hypothyroidism?
Symptoms of hypothyroidism include cold intolerance, dry hair, dry skin, neck swelling, thyroid gland enlargement, lethargy, low body temperature, constipation, loss of appetite, weakness, fatigue, and weight gain.

How does the doctor treat hypothyroidism?
Treatment for hypothyroidism often includes thyroid hormone supplements, and surgery to remove a large thyroid goiter.

Continue to Decreased Thyroid Hormone Incidence

Last Updated: Aug 27, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Decreased Thyroid Hormone References
  1. Escobar-Morreale HF, Botella-Carretero JI, Escobar del Rey F, Morreale de Escobar G. REVIEW: Treatment of hypothyroidism with combinations of levothyroxine plus liothyronine. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2005 Aug;90(8):4946-54. [15928247]
  2. Rovet J, Daneman D. Congenital hypothyroidism: a review of current diagnostic and treatment practices in relation to neuropsychologic outcome. Paediatr Drugs. 2003;5(3):141-9. [12608879]
  3. Simon NM, Blacker D, Korbly NB, Sharma SG, Worthington JJ, Otto MW, Pollack MH. Hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism in anxiety disorders revisited: new data and literature review. J Affect Disord. 2002 May;69(1-3):209-17. [12103468]
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