Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Cytomegalovirus Infection Symptoms

Cytomegalovirus Infection Congenital Infection

Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection
Most infected infants acquire cytomegalovirus from an infected mother during pregnancy. Infants may have a petechial rash with enlargement of the spleen and liver, and jaundice. Complications include intrauterine growth retardation, and prematurity.

Cytomegalovirus Infection Impaired Immunity

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is much more likely to cause problems in people with weak immune systems.

In transplant patients, CMV can cause:

CMV infection has become increasingly important in AIDS patients.

Initial symptoms of CMV infection in this group include:

More advanced symptoms include:

Abnormal Breathing Rates
AgeUpper NormalAbnormal
6mo - 1 year40 breaths per min60 breaths per min
1 - 3 years30 breaths per min50 breaths per min
4 - 5 years28 breaths per min45 breaths per min
5 - 6 years26 breaths per min40 breaths per min
6 - 12 years24 breaths per min30 breaths per min
Over 12 years20 breaths per min25+ breaths per min

Cytomegalovirus Infection Mononucleosis

The most common cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection in older children and adults is a mononucleosis-like syndrome. This syndrome can occur in all age groups but appears most often in sexually active young adults. The illness generally lasts 2 to 6 weeks.

Common symptoms of CMV mononucleosis include:

Uncommon symptoms of CMV mononucleosis include:

Continue to Cytomegalovirus Infection Evaluation

Last Updated: May 7, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Cytomegalovirus Infection References
  1. Demmler GJ. Congenital cytomegalovirus infection treatment. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2003 Nov;22(11):1005-6. [14614375]
  2. Griffiths P. Cytomegalovirus infection of the central nervous system. Herpes. 2004 Jun;11 Suppl 2:95A-104A. [15319096]
  3. Griffiths PD, Walter S. Cytomegalovirus. Curr Opin Infect Dis. 2005 Jun;18(3):241-5. [15864102]
  4. Ross SA, Boppana SB. Congenital cytomegalovirus infection: outcome and diagnosis. Semin Pediatr Infect Dis. 2005 Jan;16(1):44-9. [15685149]
  5. Schnitzler MA. Costs and consequences of cytomegalovirus disease. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2003 Dec 1;60(23 Suppl 8):S5-8. [14686228]
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