Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Cytomegalovirus Infection Overview

What is cytomegalovirus infection?
A person with cytomegalovirus infection has a viral infection of the intestines, lungs, or retina. Cytomegalovirus can be transmitted from one person to another through saliva, blood, urine, tears, semen and breast milk. Cytomegalovirus, or CMV, is a herpes virus that usually does not cause symptoms in people with a normal functioning immune system. Sometimes, CMV can cause symptoms similar to mononucleosis. However, CMV can cause serious infections in those who have AIDS or an organ transplant, or those who are treated with chemotherapy.

What are the symptoms of cytomegalovirus infection?
Cytomegalovirus infection may cause symptoms similar to mononucleosis, such as fatigue, fever, headache, body aches, sore throat, cough, and swollen lymph glands in the neck.

How does the doctor treat cytomegalovirus infection?
Treatment for cytomegalovirus infection depends on the severity of the infection. Treatment for cytomegalovirus infection includes rest, fluids, antiviral medications, and acetaminophen or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain and fever control.

Continue to Cytomegalovirus Infection Incidence

Last Updated: Aug 25, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Cytomegalovirus Infection References
  1. Demmler GJ. Congenital cytomegalovirus infection treatment. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2003 Nov;22(11):1005-6. [14614375]
  2. Griffiths P. Cytomegalovirus infection of the central nervous system. Herpes. 2004 Jun;11 Suppl 2:95A-104A. [15319096]
  3. Griffiths PD, Walter S. Cytomegalovirus. Curr Opin Infect Dis. 2005 Jun;18(3):241-5. [15864102]
  4. Ross SA, Boppana SB. Congenital cytomegalovirus infection: outcome and diagnosis. Semin Pediatr Infect Dis. 2005 Jan;16(1):44-9. [15685149]
  5. Schnitzler MA. Costs and consequences of cytomegalovirus disease. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2003 Dec 1;60(23 Suppl 8):S5-8. [14686228]
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