Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Cystic Fibrosis Overview

What is cystic fibrosis?
A child with cystic fibrosis is born with a disease that affects the lungs, intestine, pancreas, liver and sweat glands. Cystic fibrosis affects the cells that line organs throughout the body. These cells do not produce enough fluid, which makes them unable to secrete important substances from the inside of the cell, to the outside of the cell. In turn, the organ does not function properly. Cystic fibrosis is an inherited disease that only occurs in Caucasians.

What are the symptoms of cystic fibrosis?
Common respiratory symptoms of cystic fibrosis include a cough that produces mucus and wheezing. Other symptoms include abdominal swelling, diarrhea, heartburn, and weight loss.

How does the doctor treat cystic fibrosis?
There is no cure for cystic fibrosis. Treatment for cystic fibrosis may include: respiratory therapy, antibiotics, medications that loosen bronchial secretions and bronchodilator medications that reverse wheezing. Lipase therapy may be given for gastrointestinal symptoms.

Continue to Cystic Fibrosis Incidence

Last Updated: Feb 7, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Cystic Fibrosis References
  1. Aswani N, Taylor CJ, McGaw J, Pickering M, Rigby AS. Pubertal growth and development in cystic fibrosis: a retrospective review. Acta Paediatr. 2003 Sep;92(9):1029-32. [14599064]
  2. Long JM, Fauset-Jones J, Dixon MJ, Worthington-Riley D, Sharma V, Patel L, David TJ. Annual review hospital visits for patients with cystic fibrosis. J R Soc Med. 2001;94 Suppl 40:12-6. [11601158]
  3. Prescott WA Jr, Johnson CE. Antiinflammatory therapies for cystic fibrosis: past, present, and future. Pharmacotherapy. 2005 Apr;25(4):555-73. [15977917]
  4. Schoni MH, Casaulta-Aebischer C. Nutrition and lung function in cystic fibrosis patients: review. Clin Nutr. 2000 Apr;19(2):79-85. [10867724]
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