Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Cyst Bone Anatomy

To better understand bone cyst, it helps to understand bone anatomy.

The skeleton is a living structure that supports the entire body. Bone is made up of an outer shell of very dense bone that surrounds a honeycomb-like structure of softer bone. Bone mainly consists of protein and calcium. Without calcium, bone will become weak.

The human skeleton can be divided into two sections:

  • Axial skeleton:
    • A total of 80 bones including the skull, spine, and chest
  • Appendicular skeleton:
    • A total of 126 bones including the pelvic girdle, limbs, feet and hands

Anatomy examples:
  • Internal structure of bone
  • The pelvic girdle
  • The chest
  • The skull
  • The spine
  • Skeletal system
  • Lower extremity
  • Hands and wrists
  • Feet

Last Updated: Dec 2, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Cyst Bone References
  1. Bahk WJ, Mirra JM. Pseudoanaplastic tumors of bone. Skeletal Radiol. 2004 Nov;33(11):641-8. [15365783]
  2. Bensahel H, Jehanno P, Desgrippes Y, Pennecot GF: Solitary bone cyst: controversies and treatment. J Pediatr Orthop B 1998 Oct; 7(4): 257-61. [9810524]
  3. Cottalorda J, Chotel F, et al. Aneurysmal bone cysts of the pelvis in children: a multicenter study and literature review. J Pediatr Orthop. 2005 Jul-Aug;25(4):471-5. [1595889]
  4. Farber JM, Stanton RP: Treatment options in unicameral bone cysts. Orthopedics 1990 Jan; 13(1): 25-32. [2300515]
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