Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Cryptococcal Meningitis Overview

What is cryptococcal meningitis?
A person with cryptococcal meningitis has a fungal infection of the membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord. Cryptococcus is a fungus. Nearly everyone has been exposed to Cryptococcus in the environment, but infections are rare. The fungus initially causes a lung infection, and can cause meningitis in those with weakened immune systems. The initial lung infection resolves without treatment in those with healthy immune systems.

What are the symptoms of cryptococcal meningitis?
Symptoms of cryptococcal meningitis and encephalitis include headache, blurred vision, fever, confusion, nausea, irritability, and difficulty walking.

How does the doctor treat cryptococcal meningitis?
Treatment for cryptococcal meningitis includes intravenous fluids and antifungal medications.

Continue to Cryptococcal Meningitis Risk Factors

Last Updated: Feb 7, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Cryptococcal Meningitis References
  1. Delgrange E, Donckier JE. Cryptococcal meningitis and Cushing's syndrome. Lancet. 2000 Jul 22;356(9226):343. [11071221]
  2. The University of South Alabama Headache Center. Cryptococcal meningitis: not restricted to the "at risk" population. Headache. 2005 Apr;45(4):372-3. [15836575]
  3. Torre D, Banfi G, Tambini R, Speranza F, Zeroli C, Martegani R, Airoldi M, Fiori G. A retrospective study on the efficacy and safety of amphotericin B in a lipid emulsion for the treatment of cryptococcal meningitis in AIDS patients. J Infect. 1998 Jul;37(1):36-8. [9733375]
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