Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Cryptococcal Infection Overview

What is a cryptococcal infection?
A person with a cryptococcal infection has inflammation of the lung, caused by an infection with the fungus, Cryptococcus neoformans. Everyone has been exposed to the fungus in the environment, but infections are rare. Cryptococcal infections usually resolve without treatment in those with healthy immune systems. However, the infection is more severe in those who have weakened immune systems caused by AIDS or chemotherapy.

What are the symptoms of a cryptococcal infection?
The symptoms of cryptococcal infection depend on the location of the infection. Symptoms of cryptococcal infection of the lung include cough and chest pain. Symptoms of cryptococcal meningitis or encephalitis include: headache, blurred vision, confusion, nausea, irritability, and difficulty walking.

How does the doctor treat a cryptococcal infection?
Treatment for cryptococcal infection is rarely necessary in those that have a healthy immune system. In others treatment includes intravenous fluids and antifungal medications.

Continue to Cryptococcal Infection Incidence

Last Updated: Aug 18, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Cryptococcal Infection References
  1. Revenga F, Paricio JF, Merino FJ, Nebreda T, Ramirez T, Martinez AM. Primary cutaneous cryptococcosis in an immunocompetent host: case report and review of the literature. Dermatology. 2002;204(2):145-9. [11937743]
  2. The University of South Alabama Headache Center. Cryptococcal meningitis: not restricted to the "at risk" population. Headache. 2005 Apr;45(4):372-3. [15836575]
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