Crohn's Disease Overview
What is Crohn's disease?
A person with Crohn's disease has a chronic illness that causes inflammation of the intestines. Crohn's disease is a form of inflammatory bowel disease that can affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract, from the esophagus to the anus. Crohn's disease causes changes in the large intestine (colon) that can be confused with ulcerative colitis, another inflammatory bowel disease. The exact cause for Crohn's disease is unknown.
What are the symptoms of Crohn's disease?
Common symptoms of Crohn's disease include episodes of abdominal pain and diarrhea that is often bloody. Other symptoms include rectal bleeding, anorexia, fever, nausea, weakness or fatigue, and weight loss. Less common symptoms include abdominal swelling, eye pain, joint pains, vomiting, and rash.
How does the doctor treat Crohn's disease?
There is no cure for Crohn's disease. The goal of treatment is to control symptoms, limit their frequency, and avoid complications. Treatment for Crohn's disease includes a special diet, anti-inflammatory medications, corticosteroids, immunosuppressant medications, antibiotics, and surgery.
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