Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Incidence Risk Factors Symptoms Evaluation Treatment Prevention Underlying Cause

Crib Death Risk Factors

Risk factors for SIDS include:

  • Family history of SIDS
  • Smoking during pregnancy
  • Drug use during pregnancy
  • Lack of breast-feeding
  • Episodes of absent breathing during sleep
  • Sleeping on a comforter or pillows
  • Low birth weight
  • Premature infants
  • Sleeping in the prone position (on the stomach):
    • Including sleeping prone on a sheepskin
  • Sleeping outside the parental home
  • Sleeping in the living room versus own bedroom or with siblings

Unfortunately, there are no tests that help predict which infants are at risk for SIDS.

Continue to Crib Death Symptoms

Last Updated: Jul 10, 2009 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Crib Death References
  1. Chen A, Rogan WJ. Breastfeeding and the risk of postneonatal death in the United States. Pediatrics. 2004 May;113(5):e435-9. [15121986]
  2. Hall KL, Zalman B. Evaluation and management of apparent life-threatening events in children. Am Fam Physician. 2005 Jun 15;71(12):2301-8. [15999867]
  3. Malloy MH, MacDorman M. Changes in the classification of sudden unexpected infant deaths: United States, 1992-2001. Pediatrics. 2005 May;115(5):1247-53. [1586703]
  4. Nelson EA, Yu LM, Williams S; International Child Care Practices Study Group Members. International Child Care Practices study: breastfeeding and pacifier use. J Hum Lact. 2005 Aug;21(3):289-95. [16115805]
  5. Okada K, Miyako M, Honma S, Wakabayashi Y, Sugihara S, Osawa M. Discharge diagnoses in infants with apparent life-threatening event. Pediatr Int. 2003 Oct;45(5):560-3. [14521532]
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