Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Incidence Symptoms Treatment behavior therapy Warning Signs Outlook Complications long term with alcohol with pregnancy Underlying Cause

Crack Abuse Outlook

What to expect with cocaine abuse:

  • Cocaine addiction is one of the most difficult drug problems to treat.
  • The long-term success rate for drug treatment centers can be as high as 80%, depending on the individual.

Continue to Crack Abuse Complications

Last Updated: Mar 12, 2008 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Crack Abuse References
  1. Gerada C. Drug misuse: a review of treatments. Clin Med. 2005 Jan-Feb;5(1):69-73. [15745203]
  2. Rounsaville BJ. Treatment of cocaine dependence and depression. Biol Psychiatry. 2004 Nov 15;56(10):803-9. [15556126]
  3. Sofuoglu M, Kosten TR. Novel approaches to the treatment of cocaine addiction. CNS Drugs. 2005;19(1):13-25. [15651902]
  4. Velasquez EM, Anand RC, Newman WP 3rd, Richard SS, Glancy DL. Cardiovascular complications associated with cocaine use. J La State Med Soc. 2004 Nov-Dec;156(6):302-10. [15688670]
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