Corticoadrenal Insufficiency Physiology
Corticoadrenal Insufficiency Aldosterone
Aldosterone causes the body to retain salt, which in turn causes the body to retain water. This increase in water can raise blood pressure.
Corticoadrenal Insufficiency Cortisol
- Helping the body supply nutrients needed during times of stress
- Maintaining blood pressure and heart function
- Regulating the body's use of protein, carbohydrate, and fats
Corticoadrenal Insufficiency Epinephrine
Epinephrine stimulates the nervous system, helps maintain blood pressure, and increases the heart rate. Epinephrine is released into the bloodstream when the blood glucose is low, and during times of intense exercise and stress.
Corticoadrenal Insufficiency Norepinephrine
Norepinephrine helps to maintain the blood pressure, but has little effect on the heart.
- Baker JT. Adrenal disorders. A primary care approach. Lippincotts Prim Care Pract. 1997 Nov-Dec;1(5):527-36. 
- Don-Wauchope AC, Toft AD. Diagnosis and management of Addison's disease. Practitioner. 2000 Sep;244(1614):794-9. 
- Lin L, Achermann JC. The adrenal. Horm Res. 2004;62 Suppl 3:22-9. 
- Marzotti S, Falorni A. Addison's disease. Autoimmunity. 2004 Jun;37(4):333-6. 
- Perry CG, Connell JM. Key developments in endocrinology. Practitioner. 2003 Jul;247(1648):555, 558, 562.