Coronary Syndrome Angioplasty
Angioplasty is an effective treatment for acute coronary syndrome. Angioplasty is a procedure that must be performed during cardiac catheterization.
Angioplasty is more likely to be performed in the following situations:
- ECG shows heart injury or heart attack
- Patient has continued chest pain that is unresponsive to medications
- Patient has abnormalities in blood pressure or pulse
- Past has heart valve dysfunction
- Patient is in shock
- Patient has aortic stenosis
During a cardiac catheterization, a catheter (thin plastic tube) is inserted into an artery in the groin, and then threaded up through the aorta to the heart. During angioplasty, the catheter is advanced into the narrowed part of the coronary artery. A balloon at the end of the catheter is inflated, in order to force open the narrowed artery. Alternative techniques include cutting or burning away the blockage with a tiny blade or laser.
After angioplasty, a stent may be used to help hold the artery open. Stents are tiny struts that expand against the inside wall of the artery. They prop open the blood vessel after it has been opened.
Rare complications of angioplasty include:
Continue to Coronary Syndrome Cardiac Rehabilitation
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