Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Incidence Symptoms Evaluation Treatment drugs questions for doctor specialist Home Care first aid taking control warning signs Prevention Outlook Complications Underlying Cause Types Anatomy

Convulsions Types

Types of seizures include:

Types of Seizures
  • Febrile seizure:
  • Petit-mal seizure:
    • A person with petit-mal seizures has abnormal electrical activity in the brain that causes short episodes of staring and loss of awareness.
    • The most common type of seizure in children between the ages of 6 and 12 years
  • Grand-mal seizure:
  • Psychomotor seizure:
  • Simple partial seizures:
    • These are the most common type of seizure seen in people with epilepsy.
    • The seizure is limited to one area of the brain.
    • The person remains conscious during the seizure.
    • The person appears anxious during the seizure.
    • The person may make repetitive movements that are confined to a single area of the body, such as the thumb or the big toe.
    • Simple partial seizures can spread within the brain, leading to a grand-mal seizure.
  • Complex partial seizures:
    • The seizure occurs in the frontal lobe or the temporal lobe of the brain.
    • The person has decreased awareness of himself and his surroundings.
    • In most cases, the person will not respond.
    • In some cases, they respond only to very simple commands.
    • Commonly, the person displays automatisms, which are involuntary actions or vocalizations. Examples of automatisms include moaning, lip-smacking, chewing motions, or unusual speech.

Continue to Convulsions Anatomy

Last Updated: Jan 4, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
Copyright DSHI Systems, Inc. Powered by: FreeMD - Your Virtual Doctor

PubMed Convulsions References
  1. Alsaadi TM, Marquez AV. Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures. Am Fam Physician. 2005 Sep 1;72(5):849-56. [16156345]
  2. Camfield P, Camfield C. Epileptic syndromes in childhood: clinical features, outcomes, and treatment. Epilepsia. 2002;43 Suppl 3:27-32. [12060004]
  3. Kinsman SL, Vining EP, Quaskey SA, Mellits D, Freeman JM. Efficacy of the ketogenic diet for intractable seizure disorders: review of 58 cases. Epilepsia. 1992 Nov-Dec;33(6):1132-6. [1464275]
  4. Pearl PL, Bennett HD, Khademian Z. Seizures and metabolic disease. Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep. 2005 Mar;5(2):127-33. [15743550]
  5. Posner EB, Mohamed K, Marson AG. A systematic review of treatment of typical absence seizures in children and adolescents with ethosuximide, sodium valproate or lamotrigine. Seizure. 2005 Mar;14(2):117-22. [15694565]
FreeMD is provided for information purposes only and should not be used as a substitute for evaluation and treatment by a physician. Please review our terms of use.