The evaluation of seizures begins with a history and physical exam.
Between seizures, the physical exam in someone with seizures is usually normal.
Physical findings in someone with seizures may include:
- Arm numbness (unilateral)
- Leg numbness (unilateral)
- Hand numbness (unilateral)
- Arm weakness (unilateral)
- Leg weakness (unilateral)
- Facial weakness (unilateral):
- Stiff neck
- Difficulty with balance
- Loss of coordination
- Memory loss
Tests may be necessary to make the diagnosis of seizures.
Tests that may be used to evaluate seizures include:
- Blood glucose
- Coagulation profile
- Complete blood count
- Serum drug levels
- Kidney profile
- Liver profile
- CT scan of the brain
- MRI scan of the brain
- PET scan
- Lumbar puncture with spinal fluid analysis
For more information:
Continue to Convulsions Treatment
- Alsaadi TM, Marquez AV. Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures. Am Fam Physician. 2005 Sep 1;72(5):849-56. 
- Camfield P, Camfield C. Epileptic syndromes in childhood: clinical features, outcomes, and treatment. Epilepsia. 2002;43 Suppl 3:27-32. 
- Kinsman SL, Vining EP, Quaskey SA, Mellits D, Freeman JM. Efficacy of the ketogenic diet for intractable seizure disorders: review of 58 cases. Epilepsia. 1992 Nov-Dec;33(6):1132-6. 
- Pearl PL, Bennett HD, Khademian Z. Seizures and metabolic disease. Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep. 2005 Mar;5(2):127-33. 
- Posner EB, Mohamed K, Marson AG. A systematic review of treatment of typical absence seizures in children and adolescents with ethosuximide, sodium valproate or lamotrigine. Seizure. 2005 Mar;14(2):117-22.