Overview Risk Factors Symptoms Evaluation Treatment questions for doctor specialist Home Care pain control warning signs Outlook Underlying Cause Anatomy
Conus Medullaris Syndrome Evaluation
- Muscle weakness
- Diminished or absent deep tendon reflexes in the lower extremities
- Sensory abnormalities in the perineum and lower extremities
- Decreased anal sphincter tone
Testing is necessary to confirm the diagnosis of conus medullaris syndrome.
Tests that may be used to evaluate conus medullaris syndrome include:
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PubMed Conus Medullaris Syndrome References
- Kaiboriboon K, Olsen TJ, Hayat GR. Cauda equina and conus medullaris syndrome in sarcoidosis. Neurologist. 2005 May;11(3):179-83. 
- Kirshblum SC, Groah SL, McKinley WO: Spinal cord injury medicine. 1. Etiology, classification, and acute medical management. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2002; 83(3 Suppl 1): S50-7, S90-8. 
- Ku A, Lachmann E, Tunkel R: Neurosarcoidosis of the conus medullaris and cauda equina presenting as paraparesis: case report and literature review. Paraplegia 1996 Feb; 34(2): 116-20. 
- McDonald JW, Sadowsky C: Spinal-cord injury. Lancet 2002; 359(9304): 417-25. 
- Sampson JH, Cashman RE, Nashold BS Jr, Friedman AH. Dorsal root entry zone lesions for intractable pain after trauma to the conus medullaris and cauda equina. J Neurosurg. 1995 Jan;82(1):28-34.