Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Contusions Overview

What are contusions?
A person with a contusion has a bruise. A contusion is a swollen collection of blood that forms when blood vessels are broken, due to an injury. The color of a bruise represents blood that leaked into the tissue beneath the skin. Minor injuries cause contusions in the tissues just beneath the skin; however, severe injuries can cause contusions in muscles, bone or internal organs.

What are the symptoms of contusions?
Symptoms of contusion include skin bruising, skin swelling, localized pain and tenderness.

How does the doctor treat contusions?
The treatment of contusions depends on the location and severity of injury. Treatment for a contusion may include rest, cold compresses, crutches, and acetaminophen or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain.

Continue to Contusions Symptoms

Last Updated: Sep 21, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Contusions References
  1. Beiner JM, Jokl P. Muscle contusion injuries: current treatment options. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2001 Jul-Aug;9(4):227-37. [11476532]
  2. Berg E. Deep muscle contusion complicated by myositis ossificans (a.k.a. heterotopic bone). Orthop Nurs. 2000 Nov-Dec;19(6):66-7. [11899311]
  3. Centeno CJ, Freeman M, Elkins WL. A review of the literature refuting the concept of minor impact soft tissue injury. Pain Res Manag. 2005 Summer;10(2):71-4. [15915248]
  4. Guzman J, Yassi A, Cooper JE, Khokhar J. Return to work after occupational injury. Family physicians' perspectives on soft-tissue injuries. Can Fam Physician. 2002 Dec;48:1912-9. [12520791]
  5. Tull F, Borrelli J Jr. Soft-tissue injury associated with closed fractures: evaluation and management. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2003 Nov-Dec;11(6):431-8. [14686828]
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