The evaluation of constipation begins with a medical history and physical exam.
Physical findings in those with constipation may include:
Based on the symptoms and findings, testing may be required.
Tests that may be used to evaluate severe constipation include:
- Abdominal x-rays
- Large intestine obstruction
- Small intestine obstruction
- Volvulus: twisting of the bowel
- Complete blood count
- Kidney profile
Less commonly performed tests that may be used to evaluate constipation include:
Continue to Constipation Treatment
- Bleser S, Brunton S, Carmichael B, Olden K, Rasch R, Steege J. Management of chronic constipation: recommendations from a consensus panel. J Fam Pract. 2005 Aug;54(8):691-8. 
- Brandt LJ, Prather CM, Quigley EM, Schiller LR, Schoenfeld P, Talley NJ. Systematic review on the management of chronic constipation in North America. Am J Gastroenterol. 2005;100 Suppl 1:S5-S21. 
- Clayden G, Keshtgar AS. Management of childhood constipation. Postgrad Med J. 2003 Nov;79(937):616-21. 
- Lembo A, Camilleri M. Chronic constipation. N Engl J Med. 2003 Oct 2;349(14):1360-8.