Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia Overview

What is congenital adrenal hyperplasia?
A person with congenital adrenal hyperplasia has been born with enlarged adrenal glands. The condition results in decreased production of the adrenal hormones, cortisol and aldosterone. The adrenal glands are normally regulated by the pituitary gland. Congenital adrenal hyperplasia is present at birth. Left untreated, it results in poor growth and incomplete sexual development during puberty.

What are the symptoms of congenital adrenal hyperplasia?
Symptoms of congenital adrenal hyperplasia in females include: absent menstrual periods, deepening of voice, and hirsutism. Symptoms of congenital adrenal hyperplasia in males include deepening of voice, early muscle development, early appearance of body hair, penile enlargement, and small testicles.

How does the doctor treat congenital adrenal hyperplasia?
Treatment for congenital adrenal hyperplasia includes hormone therapy and surgery.

Continue to Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia Incidence

Last Updated: Sep 15, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia References
  1. Creighton S. Early versus late intervention of congenital adrenal hyperplasia. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 2004 Dec;17(6):411. [15603986]
  2. Merke DP, Bornstein SR. Congenital adrenal hyperplasia. Lancet. 2005 Jun 18-24;365(9477):2125-36. [15964450]
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